One of the most important tasks for any authority or body entrusted with looking after society is to ensure that all people have access to sanitation and hygiene facilities. This has been recently brought very much to the forefront of public awareness, by the problems being faced by survivors from natural disasters, like tsunamis and earthquakes. Check out the list we’ve compiled for you below from Esafetysupplies.com.
Sanitation is the hygienic method of ensuring good health by preventing contact with waste and other conditions that promote the growth of bacteria.
Both sanitation and hygiene are important for the survival and health and further development of civilization. Neglect of this important aspect has led to epidemics and plague that in earlier times have been responsible for a vast number of deaths. Basic sanitation requires access to means of safely disposing of human waste like urine and feces. Basic hygiene can be ensured by making sure that people live in clean environments where garbage and other man created waste is safely disposed of. The provision of safe drinking water, a basic human need, can also be considered a part of sanitation.
In most living centers sanitation is ensured by the provision of adequate clean water supply, sewers and sanitary facilities, the constant cleaning of streets and the clearing of garbage. It is these facilities that can get widely affected in the case of natural disasters like, floods, hurricanes, earthquakes, tsunamis and forest fires. Engineering solutions allow for the proper disposal of waste through sewers and the treatment of sewage in sewage disposal plants. Civic authorities ensure that garbage is collected and disposed of safely in landfills or other means which will not allow this collected waste to become a hazard.
When disaster relief efforts are first put into place, it is always the provision of temporary toilets, septic tanks and the provision of drinking water that is given first priority. Hygiene is also helped by disinfecting living areas to kill any germs or bacteria that may otherwise flourish. These areas follow the principle of on-site sanitation where the treatment of all excreta and waste is ensured at the same location where it is created, so that living conditions become safer and more hygienic.
Sanitation and hygiene is also very important for food processing industries and for other parts of the food industry like hotels and restaurants. As their activities can affect a large number of people, there are very stringent standards that these establishments have to maintain in order to remain acceptable. Sanitation was realized as a must even in ancient civilizations and this can be seen in the archaeological remains seen in the Indus valley Harappa civilization and in Roman cities and villas. Neglect of this important part of living led to killing millions of people in plagues. High mortality rates among children in some lesser developed countries, has also been attributed to the lack of access to proper sanitation and hygiene. Greater awareness of proper hygiene by hand washing and maintaining clean surroundings has led to fewer diseases and the control of many of them. Check out Esafetysupplies.